Diabetes

Jason Edward Peters, MD, PA

Family Medicine located in Harlingen, TX

If you’re one of the 34 million Americans with diabetes, it’s important to monitor your blood sugar daily. Failing to do so can increase the risk of serious issues like nerve damage and heart disease. At the practice of Jason Edward Peters, MD, PA, family medicine physician Jason Peters, MD, and Victor Gonzalez, PA-C, provide diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. To make an appointment at the practice in Harlingen, Texas, call the office today or click the online booking feature.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that affect your body’s ability to regulate blood sugar. Everyone needs some blood sugar to survive, but if your levels are consistently high, it can negatively impact your health and quality of life. 

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores

As the condition worsens, you may experience unexplained weight loss or develop frequent infections.

What are the types of diabetes?

Jason Edward Peters, MD, PA, treats several types of diabetes, including:

Type 1 diabetes

This type causes your immune system to attack and destroy the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. Without enough insulin to regulate glucose levels, your blood sugar can spike. If you have type 1 diabetes, your provider prescribes insulin therapy.

Type 2 diabetes

This type occurs when your body becomes insulin resistant. If your body is insulin resistant, the sugar stays in your blood, instead of going to your cells that need energy. 

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. It develops when your body releases excess hormones to support the growth of your baby. In most cases, gestational diabetes resolves after giving birth.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

To diagnose diabetes, your Jason Edward Peters, MD, PA, provider asks about your symptoms and reviews your medical history. Then, they order a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, which measures your average blood sugar level over the last few months. A result of 6.5% or higher on two separate tests means you have diabetes.

How is diabetes treated?

Diabetes treatment depends on the severity of your symptoms and the type of diabetes you have. 

If you have a mild case of type 2 diabetes, healthy lifestyle changes like losing weight, eating a balanced diet, and exercising regularly may be enough to keep your blood sugar levels normal.

If you have a more serious case of type 2 diabetes or you have type 1 diabetes, you’re prescribed insulin therapy. You might also have to take additional oral or injectable medication to prevent the condition from getting worse. 

To receive treatment for diabetes, make an appointment at the practice of Jason Edward Peters, MD, PA, by calling the office today or clicking the online scheduling tool.